Crete and Ionian Islands under the Venetians
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Crete and Ionian Islands under the Venetians

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Published by Leontiadis Pub. Co. in Athens .
Written in English


  • Crete (Greece) -- History,
  • Ionian Islands (Greece) -- History,
  • Venice (Italy) -- Colonies

Book details:

Edition Notes

Other titlesWestern Collection.
StatementStephen Margaritis.
The Physical Object
Pagination113 p. ;
Number of Pages113
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13543187M

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The mountains of Greece were largely untouched, and were a refuge for Greeks who desired to flee Ottoman rule and engage in brigandry. Cyprus fell in , and the Venetians retained Crete until The Ionian Islands were only briefly ruled by the Ottomans and remained primarily under the rule of the Republic of Rating: % positive. The Venetians on Crete () After the capture of Constantinople and the partition of the Byzantine empire during the Fourth Crusade in , Crete was acquired by Venice, which held it for the next years under the name of the "Kingdom of Candia". The period ended when the Ottoman Empire conquered the island in   For the Greek subjects and territories under the Venetian control, this meant the changing of masters. In , a number of islands in the Ionian Sea off the Adriatic were granted a Republic status under the suzerainty of Russia and the Sultan. France had . Following the raids of Corfu was almost deserted, and a few years later, in the Venetians lost Peloponnese, Crete, and Cyprus, all three islands were conquered by the Turks. This created the inevitable large wave of refugees from these areas looking for a new home, and the Ionian Islands were the ideal destination, so by this.

the ionian islands under venetian rule. the marquisate of boudonitza ithake under the franks. the last venetian islands in the iegean. salonika. the genoese colonies in greece the mad duke of naxos crete under the venetians the gattilusj of lesbos turkish Reviews: 1. The conquest of the whole Ionian complex was completed with the island of Lefkada in During that time, Venetians built defensive constructions. In , the Ionian islands were surrendered to the Russian Turks. In recent years, from to , the islands are under British protection. From , the Republic of Venice controlled Corfu and slowly all the Ionian islands fell under Venetian rule. In the 15th century, the Ottomans conquered most of Greece, but their attempts to conquer the islands were largely unsuccessful. Zakynthos passed permanently to Venice in , Kefallonia and Ithaki in , Lefkada in Crete is the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean and the largest of the islands forming part of modern Greece. It is relatively long and narrow, stretching for miles ( km) on its east-west axis and varying in width from to 37 miles (12 to 60 km).

In , the Ionian Islands became a British protectorate under the name United States of the Ionian Islands. Administration. The civil and military governor of the Ionian Islands was the Provveditore generale da Mar, who lived on Corfu and had the supreme peacetime command of the Venetian l: Corfu. With the exception of the Ionian Islands, Crete and some islands or forts which remained in Venetian hands until the turn of the 19th century, the final end of the Frankokratia in most of Greek lands came with the Ottoman conquest, chiefly in the 14th to 16th centuries, which ushered in the period known as "Tourkokratia" ("rule of the Turks. The Ionian Islands: Corfu, Cephalonia and Beyond John Freely Rising from the waters between Greece and Italy, the Ionians are some of the most culturally, historically and mythologically rich in all Greece. The Ionian islands fell under Venetian rule in , where the Republic of Venice controlled Corfu and slowly the rest of the islands. Once Greek independence was established after , however, the islanders began to resent foreign colonial rule by the British and to press for union with Greece.